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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 40  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-19

Gray zones in the trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias

Department of Neurology, Mersin University School of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Nevra Oksuz
Mersin Üniversite Hastanesi, Çiftlik Köy Kampüsü, Kat: 1 Yetişkin Nöroloji Polikliniği Yenişehir, Mersin
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/nsn.nsn_108_22

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Background: Limited data are available about the importance of migrainous features of the trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs). Methods: We enrolled 99 patients with TACs including 71 cluster headaches, 11 with short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing, 10 with paroxysmal hemicrania, and seven with hemicrania continua. The presence of diagnostic migraine criteria such as throbbing headache, nausea and/or vomiting, photophobia, phonophobia, and aggravation by physical activity was questioned in these patients as well as autonomic features. Furthermore, supportive features of migraine including motion sickness, atopy and allergy, exacerbation during menstrual periods, irregular sleep, dizziness, and family history of any primary headache were noted. Results: The most common cranial autonomic symptom was lacrimation (87.9%) and the most common migrainous features were throbbing headache (51.5%), phonophobia (41.4%), nausea (39.4%), and photophobia (34.3%). Family history of any primary headache (25.3%) and atopy and allergy (13.1%) was the most common supportive features. Conclusion: We found higher percentages of migrainous features in patients with TACs; phonophobia, throbbing headache, and nausea frequently accompanied TACs. Aggravation by physical activity, which is one of the diagnostic migraine criteria, and motion sickness, which is one of the supportive features of migraine, were much lower in patients with TAC compared with migraineurs.

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