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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 38  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 180-186

The effect of an interactive tele rehabilitation program on balance in older individuals

1 Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus
2 Department of Health Management, Faculty of Health Sciences, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus
3 Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus

Correspondence Address:
Murat Özgùren
Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, Near East University, 99138 Nicosia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/nsn.nsn_91_21

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Objective: To investigate the effect of a home-based interactive telerehabilitation program on balance performance in older people, and to compare the results with a nonsupervised home exercise (NHE) program. Subjects and Methods: A total of 50 participants (35 females), aged 65–90 years, were included in the study. The subjects were randomly assigned to one of three groups as the interactive telerehabilitation home exercise group (ITHE), NHE group or control group. The ITHE and NHE groups exercised three times per week for 8 weeks. The outcome measures were the Berg Functional Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go Test (TUG), Sway Balance Mobile Application, Trait Anxiety Inventory (TAI), and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument-Older Adults Module (WHL). Results: In the control group, no difference was observed in the TUG and BBS scores, at the end of the 8 weeks compared with preexercise (pre-ex), whereas these scores increased significantly in the NHE (TUG: P < 0.001, BBS: P < 0.001) and ITHE groups (TUG: P < 0.001, BBS: P = 0.003). The WHL scores increased significantly in all three groups, and no difference was observed in the TAI scores. There was a significant difference in SWAY score only in the telerehabilitation group compared with pre-ex (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Although NHE and ITHE were effective on the improvement of balance, mobility and reduction of fall risk in older individuals, this effect was found to be greater in the ITHE group. Quality of life increased in all groups, but no change in anxiety level was observed.

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