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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 197-202

Botulinum toxin injections for neurological disorders: Experience between 1994 and 2019

1 Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
3 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Cem Boluk
Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Fatih 34098, Istanbul
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/NSN.NSN_36_20

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Aim: Reported results of botulinum toxin (BoNT) injections vary widely in different studies and in different neurological disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of BoNT injections for each neurological disorder and to report our experience in this area since 1994. Materials and Methods: All patients who were injected with BoNT since 1994 were included in this retrospective study. Age, gender, etiology, specific diagnosis, time from first symptom to first injection, type of BoNT (onabotulinum toxin-abobotulinum toxin), doses, treatment response, and complications were extracted from patient files. Etiologies were classified into five main groups: hyperkinetic movement disorders, focal spasticity, painful conditions, sialorrhea, and hyperhidrosis. Positive treatment response was defined as any objective clinical improvement determined by the attending physician and declared by the patient. Results: We determined that 1792 patients were considered for BoNT injections. Among them, 341 were not found to be suitable for injections or did not accept to have the procedure done. In total, 1451 different patients were included in the study. The most common indications for BoNT injection were hyperkinetic movement disorders (72.3%) and focal spasticity (15.2%). Other disorders included painful conditions, hyperhidrosis, and sialorrhea. In 74.3% of the patients, the only injected toxin was onabotulinum toxin, whereas 10.2% of the patients were injected only with abobotulinum toxin. In 14.7% of the patients, the injection type was changed from one to the other, due to ineffectiveness or unavailability. Response rates were 95.4% for focal spasticity, 92.6% for hyperkinetic movement disorders, 81.1% for painful conditions, 66.7% for hyperhidrosis, and 63.1% for sialorrhea. Severe complications were seen in 0.6% of the patients. Conclusion: BoNT injections seem to be effective in all of the neurological disorders which we investigated. Except for mild cosmetic complications, BoNT is generally safe in experienced hands.

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